Visit the Himalayas in Asia | Massive mountain complex

The highest mountain on Earth is in Asia and includes a massive mountain complex, especially the Himalayas, the Karakorum, Hindu Kush mountain range and the numerous smaller mountain ranges. The name comes from the Himalayas Sanskrit phrase himālaya, which means the abode of snow. The sprawling complex contains all the Himalayan peaks on Earth that are higher than 7,000 meters above sea level and of course the highest of all, the summit of Mount Everest, which reaches 8,848 meters of height.

Himalayas, Asia

Himalayas, Asia

The mountain range spans six countries, the People’s Republic of China, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal and Bhutan. At the same time, from the Himalayas stem three of the biggest river systems of the Earth, the Indus, the Ganges-Brahmaputra and the Yangtze. Approximately 750 million people live from this river system, which is partially dependent upon the melting snows of the Himalayas, the six listed countries and Bangladesh.

Himalayas, Asia

Himalayas, Asia

The Himalayas belong to the younger mountain ranges on the planet and consist mostly of upraised sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. According to the modern theory of plate tectonics, the formation of the Himalayas are the result of continental convergence or orogenesis along the convergence zone between the Indoafstralianis and the Eurasian plate. The Himalayan mountain range comprises a total of about 15,000 glaciers, which saved about 12,000 cubic kilometers of water.

Himalayas, Asia

Himalayas, Asia

The higher regions of the Himalayas are snowcapped all year, despite their proximity to the tropics, while the region are sources for several large rivers. The Himalayan region includes hundreds of lakes. Most are found at altitudes less than 5,000 feet, while their size decreases with altitude.

Himalayas, Asia

Himalayas, Asia

View more here: Dreaming of a white Christmas? Take a snowy city breakLuxury winter resorts.

By Nicole P.

Himalayas photos: Paul Di Stefano, LindsayMo09, Ignacio Palacios, Hans van de Vorst.

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