The Tower of Pisa | Italy

One of the most distinctive architectural monuments of Italy that attracts hundreds of tourists every year, is the independent belfry of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa, the famous Leaning Tower. Located behind the church and is the third oldest structure in Piazza Duomo, after the Cathedral and the Baptistery circular shape. The square hosts declared the 1987 World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The Tower of Pisa

The Tower of Pisa

The marble structure consists eight rows of colonnades, separated from one another by horizontal tiers. Inside is a spiral staircase with 293 steps. The construction began in 1174 and was completed in 1350 and is considered the initiator of the architect Bonanos di Pisa. The tower became famous because of the slope presents to the south side, which is due to the looseness of the soil and occurred slowly, but steadily over the centuries.

The Tower of Pisa

The Tower of Pisa

The height of the tower is 55.4 meters on the southern edge of the roof, while the northern end reaches 56.24 meters. In January 1990 due to an increase of the slope, the Italian authorities decided to shut the tower down and the prohibition of any kind of visit. After three years of work began the rescue of the tower of Pisa.

The Tower of Pisa

The Tower of Pisa

To achieve this, it took about 860 tonnes of lead, which are placed at the base of the structure, to compensate for the tilt. Meanwhile, 18 steel tendons anchoring the soil, minimizing the risk of collapse. Alongside dug in the ground on the north side to shift the vertical axis. Score this work completed in 2001 was to increase the height of the monument at 23 cm longer and continue to be visited in public.

The Tower of Pisa

The Tower of Pisa

View more about Italy here: Colosseum | Rome, Italy.

By Nicole P.

The Tower of Pisa photos: Eleazar Paredes, Alain Chautard, Paul Haemers, Hansjoerg Klein.

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