The old city of Jerusalem

The old city of Jerusalem has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, since less than 1 square mile included more than 50 centuries of history. It is built in the eastern part of the modern city of Jerusalem and is bounded by walls, which were used for the fortification of the city. Indeed, until 1860 this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. Traditionally, the old city is divided into four different sections, which are currently the Muslim, Christian, Jewish and Armenian Quarter.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

This part of town where most tourist interest, as it hosts a large number of monuments of special religious significance. Some of it is the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque. The turbulent present and past is directly related to the multicultural and multireligious incarnation. The administration has taken a different rulers and until recently has held several administrative changes in the regime.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Specifically, after the Arab/Israeli war in 1948 the old city was occupied by Jordan and the Jewish residents were expelled. During the Six/Day War in 1967, Israel captured the Old Town, like the rest of the eastern part of the city. Today is one of the busiest parts of the city with high tourist traffic, especially noticeable police presence. During the Crusades, there were four gates in the old city, one on each side. The current walls, built by Suleiman the Magnificent, have a total of eleven gates, but only seven are open. Until 1887, each gate was closed before sunset and opened at sunrise.

View more here: Christmas time in Paris.

By Nicole P.

Jerusalem photos: Francis, oleg, Aleksandar Bajic.

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