Extremadura | The historic charm of the Plaza Mayor in Trujillo

Plaza Mayor is without doubt one of the most beautiful squares in Spain and one of the largest. As a result, Trujillo has become one of the most visited of Extremadura, in particular by the locals. Whenever I have traveled the road of Extremadura, either to the south or to Portugal, I always made a stop to visit the Plaza Mayor in Trujillo which has been one of the stages of the journey. So much so that until my last trip to Extremadura, there was the time to visit more carefully this historic town, stroll the streets inside the walls or climb up to the castle, an ancient Arab fortress.

Plaza Mayor

Plaza Mayor

Plaza Mayor of Trujillo

Plaza Mayor of Trujillo

Historically Trujillo was a town that grew up around the castle and inside city walls and the area now occupied by the Plaza Mayor was a slum area outside the fortified area. From the fourteenth century they began to build houses with arcades but from the sixteenth century it became a stately square with Renaissance palace buildings. I remember that Trujillo is the city of two major American explorers, Francisco Pizarro who conquered Peru and Francisco de Orellana who was the discoverer of the Amazon River. When you get to the Plaza Mayor in Trujillo, apart from its large size, you’ll notice the historic charm of this great architectural masterpiece. In the foreground, the church of St. Martin originally from the fourteenth century but with successive enlargements until the sixteenth century. Opposite to the church is the famous equestrian statue of Pizarro. Made of bronze and weighing 6500 tons, it is a Trujillo icon and one of the most typical images of Extremadura.

Plaza Mayor in Trujillo

Plaza Mayor in Trujillo

In the arcades of the surrounding houses the typical restaurants abound many of the square terraces. The upper area of ​​the square ends with the presence of the castle walls. There are several palatial buildings overlooking the square. Opposite to the church stands the Palace of the Dukes of San Carlos. On the south side of the square is the Palace of the Marquis of Piedras Albas, XVI century which has a double cloister courtyard. Opposite to it is the Palace of the Marquis of the Conquest which is known as the Palace of Pizarro as well as the Palace Shield for the huge coat of arms which stands on the balcony of the main corner granted by Emperor Charles V to Francisco Pizarro after the conquest of Peru. Finally, next to the Palace of the conquest is the building of the Palace of Justice where you have places like the so called Gateway Meat or the outlet passage of the square known as the Jail Canyon crossing the said judicial building.

Plaza Mayor in Trujillo Church

Plaza Mayor in Trujillo Church

Plaza Mayor photos: Luis Feliciano, Robert, Ana Gaston.

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